CCAAT/Enhancer-Binding Protein \(\gamma\) Is a Critical Regulator of IL-1\(\beta\)-Induced IL-6 Production in Alveolar Epithelial Cells
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CitationYan, Chunguang, Ximo Wang, Jay Cao, Min Wu, and Hongwei Gao. 2012. CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein \(\gamma\) is a critical regulator of IL-1\(\beta\)-induced IL-6 production in alveolar epithelial cells. PLoS ONE 7(4): e35492.
AbstractCCAAT/enhancer binding protein \(\gamma\) (C/EBPγ) is a member of the C/EBP family of transcription factors, which lacks known activation domains. C/EBP\(\gamma\) was originally described as an inhibitor of C/EBP transactivation potential. However, previous study demonstrates that C/EBP\(\gamma\) augments the C/EBP\(\beta\) stimulatory activity in lipopolysaccharide induction of IL-6 promoter in a B lymphoblast cell line. These data indicate a complexing functional role for C/EBP\(\gamma\) in regulating gene expression. Furthermore, the expression and function of C/EBP\(\gamma\) during inflammation are still largely unknown. In this study, we demonstrate that C/EBP\(\gamma\) activation was induced by IL-1\(\beta\) treatment in lung epithelial cells. Importantly, we demonstrate for the first time that C/EBP\(\gamma\) plays a critical role in regulating IL-1\(\beta\)-induced IL-6 expression in both mouse primary alveolar type II epithelial cells and a lung epithelial cell line, MLE12. We further provide the evidence that C/EBP\(\gamma\) inhibits IL-6 expression by inhibiting C/EBP\(\beta\) but not NF-\(\kappa\)B stimulatory activity in MLE12 cells. These findings suggest that C/EBP\(\gamma\) is a key transcription factor that regulates the IL-6 expression in alveolar epithelial cells, and may play an important regulatory role in lung inflammatory responses.
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