Zero-Bias Anomaly in a Nanowire Quantum Dot Coupled to Superconductors

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Zero-Bias Anomaly in a Nanowire Quantum Dot Coupled to Superconductors

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Title: Zero-Bias Anomaly in a Nanowire Quantum Dot Coupled to Superconductors
Author: Lee, Eduardo J. H.; Jiang, Xiaocheng; Aguado, Ramón; Katsaros, Georgios; Lieber, Charles M.; De Franceschi, Silvano

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Citation: Lee, Eduardo J. H., Xiaocheng Jiang, Ramón Aguado, Georgios Katsaros, Charles M. Lieber, and Silvano De Franceschi. 2012. Zero-bias anomaly in a nanowire quantum dot coupled to superconductors. Physical Review Letters 109(18): 186802.
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Abstract: We studied the low-energy states of spin-1/2 quantum dots defined in InAs/InP nanowires and coupled to aluminum superconducting leads. By varying the superconducting gap \(\Delta\) with a magnetic field B we investigated the transition from strong coupling \(\Delta \ll T_K\) to weak-coupling \(\Delta \gg T_K\) , where \(T_K\) is the Kondo temperature. Below the critical field, we observe a persisting zero-bias Kondo resonance that vanishes only for low B or higher temperatures, leaving the room to more robust subgap structures at bias voltages between \(\Delta\) and \(2 \Delta\). For strong and approximately symmetric tunnel couplings, a Josephson supercurrent is observed in addition to the Kondo peak. We ascribe the coexistence of a Kondo resonance and a superconducting gap to a significant density of intragap quasiparticle states, and the finite-bias subgap structures to tunneling through Shiba states. Our results, supported by numerical calculations, own relevance also in relation to tunnel-spectroscopy experiments aiming at the observation of Majorana fermions in hybrid nanostructures.
Published Version: doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.186802
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