# Synergy Between the ESCRT-III Complex and Deltex Defines a Ligand-Independent Notch Signal

 Title: Synergy Between the ESCRT-III Complex and Deltex Defines a Ligand-Independent Notch Signal Author: Artavanis-Tsakonas, Spyros; Hori, Kazuya; Sen, Anindya Kumar; Kirchhausen, Tomas Leopold Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors. Citation: Hori, Kazuya, Anindya Sen, Tom Kirchhausen, and Spyros Artavanis-Tsakonas. 2011. Synergy between the ESCRT-III complex and Deltex defines a ligand-independent Notch signal. The Journal of Cell Biology 195(6): 1005-1015. Full Text & Related Files: 3241730.pdf (2.805Mb; PDF) Abstract: The Notch signaling pathway defines a conserved mechanism that regulates cell fate decisions in metazoans. Signaling is modulated by a broad and multifaceted genetic circuitry, including members of the endocytic machinery. Several individual steps in the endocytic pathway have been linked to the positive or negative regulation of the Notch receptor. In seeking genetic elements involved in regulating the endosomal/lysosomal degradation of Notch, mediated by the molecular synergy between the ubiquitin ligase Deltex and Kurtz, the nonvisual $$\beta$$-arrestin in Drosophila, we identified Shrub, a core component of the ESCRT-III complex as a key modulator of this synergy. Shrub promotes the lysosomal degradation of the receptor by mediating its delivery into multivesicular bodies (MVBs). However, the interplay between Deltex, Kurtz, and Shrub can bypass this path, leading to the activation of the receptor. Our analysis shows that Shrub plays a pivotal rate-limiting step in late endosomal ligand-independent Notch activation, depending on the Deltex-dependent ubiquitinylation state of the receptor. This activation mode of the receptor emphasizes the complexity of Notch signal modulation in a cell and has significant implications for both development and disease. Published Version: doi:10.1083/jcb.201104146 Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3241730/pdf/ Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:10405987 Downloads of this work: