Emerging Breast Cancer Epidemic: Evidence from Africa
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CitationAkarolo-Anthony, Sally N., Temidayo O. Ogundiran, and Clement A. Adebamowo. 2010. Emerging breast cancer epidemic: Evidence from Africa. Breast Cancer Research 12(Suppl 4): S8.
AbstractCancer is an increasingly important public health problem in developing countries, including Africa . As public and professional awareness of the cancer problem has grown, so has interest in the pattern of disease presentation, its epidemiology and treatment outcome. To date, however, there has been limited research about breast cancer in Africa. In the absence of systematic population-based cancer registration, most information has come from small clinical and pathology case series and the bias inherent in these types of studies has influenced current understanding of the pattern and characteristics of breast cancer in Africa. In this communication, we review the evidence for an emerging epidemic of breast cancer in Africa, its risk factors and likely future course. We conclude that, despite limited data, rising incidence of breast cancer is being driven by increasing life expectancy, improved control of infectious diseases, and changing lifestyle, diet, physical activity and obstetric practices. We also review current beliefs about hormone receptor subtypes of breast cancer in Africa and suggest that this is probably not systematically different from the pattern in other populations after adjusting for factors such as age and that the reported differences are related to poor tissue handling and laboratory processing practices.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:10433486
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