Increased Risk of Hypertension After Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

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Increased Risk of Hypertension After Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

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Title: Increased Risk of Hypertension After Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
Author: Zhang, Cuilin; Tobias, Deirdre Kay; Hu, Frank B.; Forman, John Phillip; Chavarro, Jorge Eduardo

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Citation: Tobias, Deirdre K., Frank B. Hu, John P. Forman, Jorge Chavarro, and Cuilin Zhang. 2011. Increased risk of hypertension after gestational diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Care 34(7): 1582-1584.
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Abstract: OBJECTIVE: Whether a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with an increased risk of hypertension after the index pregnancy is not well established. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We investigated the association between GDM and subsequent risk of hypertension after the index pregnancy among 25,305 women who reported at least one singleton pregnancy between 1991 and 2007 in the Nurses’ Health Study II. RESULTS: During 16 years of follow-up, GDM developed in 1,414 women (5.6%) and hypertension developed in 3,138. A multivariable Cox proportional hazards model showed women with a history of GDM had a 26% increased risk of developing hypertension compared with those without a history of GDM (hazard ratio 1.26 [95% CI 1.11–1.43]; P = 0.0004). These results were independent of pregnancy hypertension or subsequent type 2 diabetes. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that women with GDM are at a significant increased risk of developing hypertension after the index pregnancy.
Published Version: doi:10.2337/dc11-0268
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3120181/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:10436244
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