Maximizing the Energy Density of Dielectric Elastomer Generators Using Equi-Biaxial Loading
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CitationHuang, Jiangshui, Samuel Shian, Zhigang Suo, and David R. Clarke. Forthcoming. Maximizing the energy density of dielectric elastomer generators using equi-biaxial loading. Advanced Functional Materials.
AbstractDielectric elastomer generators (DEGs) for harvesting electrical energy from mechanical work have been demonstrated but the energy densities achieved are still small compared with theoretical predictions. We show that significant improvements in energy density (560 J/kg with a power density of 280 W/kg and an efficiency of 27%) can be achieved using equi-biaxial stretching, a mechanical loading configuration that maximizes the capacitance changes. We demonstrate the capacitance of dielectric elastomers subjected to equi-biaxial stretches is proportional to the fourth power of the stretch. Quantification of the individual energy contributions indicates that attaining higher conversion efficiencies is limited by viscous losses within the acrylic elastomer, suggesting that still higher conversion efficiencies with other elastomers should be attainable with our novel mechanical loading design.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:10476713
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