Socioeconomic Status Correlates with the Prevalence of Advanced Coronary Artery Disease in the United States

DSpace/Manakin Repository

Socioeconomic Status Correlates with the Prevalence of Advanced Coronary Artery Disease in the United States

Citable link to this page

 

 
Title: Socioeconomic Status Correlates with the Prevalence of Advanced Coronary Artery Disease in the United States
Author: Bashinskaya, Bronislava; Nahed, Brian Vala; Walcott, Brian Patrick; Coumans, Jean-Valery C E; Onuma, Oyere Kalu

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Bashinskaya, Bronislava, Brian V. Nahed, Brian P. Walcott, Jean-Valery C. E. Coumans, and Oyere K. Onuma. 2012. Socioeconomic status correlates with the prevalence of advanced coronary artery disease in the United States. PLoS ONE 7(9): e46314.
Full Text & Related Files:
Abstract: Background: Increasingly studies have identified socioeconomic factors adversely affecting healthcare outcomes for a multitude of diseases. To date, however, there has not been a study correlating socioeconomic details from nationwide databases on the prevalence of advanced coronary artery disease. We seek to identify whether socioeconomic factors contribute to advanced coronary artery disease prevalence in the United States. Methods and Findings: State specific prevalence data was queried form the United States Nationwide Inpatient Sample for 2009. Patients undergoing percutaneous coronary angioplasty and coronary artery bypass graft were identified as principal procedures. Non-cardiac related procedures, lung lobectomy and hip replacement (partial and total) were identified and used as control groups. Information regarding prevalence was then merged with data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, the largest, on-going telephone health survey system tracking health conditions and risk behaviors in the United States. Pearson's correlation coefficient was calculated for individual socioeconomic variables including employment status, level of education, and household income. Household income and education level were inversely correlated with the prevalence of percutaneous coronary angioplasty (−0.717; −0.787) and coronary artery bypass graft surgery (−0.541; −0.618). This phenomenon was not seen in the non-cardiac procedure control groups. In multiple linear regression analysis, socioeconomic factors were significant predictors of coronary artery bypass graft and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (p<0.001 and p = 0.005, respectively). Conclusions: Socioeconomic status is related to the prevalence of advanced coronary artery disease as measured by the prevalence of percutaneous coronary angioplasty and coronary artery bypass graft surgery.
Published Version: doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0046314
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3457990/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:10498800
Downloads of this work:

Show full Dublin Core record

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

 
 

Search DASH


Advanced Search
 
 

Submitters