Actin polymerization stabilizes α4β1 integrin anchors that mediate monocyte adhesion
Hyduk, Sharon J.
Arora, Pamma D.
Cano, Adrianet Puig
McCulloch, Christopher A.
Cybulsky, Myron I.
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CitationRullo, Jacob, Henry Becker, Sharon J. Hyduk, Janice C. Wong, Genevieve Digby, Pamma D. Arora, Adrianet Puig Cano, John Hartwig, Christopher A. McCulloch, and Myron I. Cybulsky. 2012. Actin polymerization stabilizes α4β1 integrin anchors that mediate monocyte adhesion. The Journal of Cell Biology 197(1): 115-129.
AbstractLeukocytes arrested on inflamed endothelium via integrins are subjected to force imparted by flowing blood. How leukocytes respond to this force and resist detachment is poorly understood. Live-cell imaging with Lifeact-transfected U937 cells revealed that force triggers actin polymerization at upstream α4β1 integrin adhesion sites and the adjacent cortical cytoskeleton. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that this culminates in the formation of structures that anchor monocyte adhesion. Inhibition of actin polymerization resulted in cell deformation, displacement, and detachment. Transfection of dominant-negative constructs and inhibition of function or expression revealed key signaling steps required for upstream actin polymerization and adhesion stabilization. These included activation of Rap1, phosphoinositide 3-kinase γ isoform, and Rac but not Cdc42. Thus, rapid signaling and structural adaptations enable leukocytes to stabilize adhesion and resist detachment forces.
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