The Encephalomyocarditis Virus

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The Encephalomyocarditis Virus

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Title: The Encephalomyocarditis Virus
Author: Bakkali-Kassimi, Labib; Carocci, Margot

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Carocci, Margot, and Labib Bakkali-Kassimi. 2012. The encephalomyocarditis virus. Virulence 3(4): 351-367.
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Abstract: The encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV) is a small non-enveloped single-strand RNA virus, the causative agent of not only myocarditis and encephalitis, but also neurological diseases, reproductive disorders and diabetes in many mammalian species. EMCV pathogenesis appears to be viral strain- and host-specific, and a better understanding of EMCV virulence factors is increasingly required. Indeed, EMCV is often used as a model for diabetes and viral myocarditis, and is also widely used in immunology as a double-stranded RNA stimulus in the study of Toll-like as well as cytosolic receptors. However, EMCV virulence and properties have often been neglected. Moreover, EMCV is able to infect humans albeit with a low morbidity. Progress on xenografts, such as pig heart transplantation in humans, has raised safety concerns that need to be explored. In this review we will highlight the biology of EMCV and all known and potential virulence factors.
Published Version: doi:10.4161/viru.20573
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