Localized DNA Demethylation at Recombination Intermediates during Immunoglobulin Heavy Chain Gene Assembly
Gerstein, Rachel M.
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CitationSelimyan, Roza, Rachel M. Gerstein, Irina Ivanova, Patricia Precht, Ramesh Subrahmanyam, Thomas Perlot, Frederick W. Alt, and Ranjan Sen. 2013. Localized dna demethylation at recombination intermediates during immunoglobulin heavy chain gene assembly. PLoS Biology 11(1): e1001475.
AbstractMultiple epigenetic marks have been proposed to contribute to the regulation of antigen receptor gene assembly via V(D)J recombination. Here we provide a comprehensive view of DNA methylation at the immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) gene locus prior to and during V(D)J recombination. DNA methylation did not correlate with the histone modification state on unrearranged alleles, indicating that these epigenetic marks were regulated independently. Instead, pockets of tissue-specific demethylation were restricted to DNase I hypersensitive sites within this locus. Though unrearranged diversity (DH) and joining (JH) gene segments were methylated, DJH junctions created after the first recombination step were largely demethylated in pro-, pre-, and mature B cells. Junctional demethylation was highly localized, B-lineage-specific, and required an intact tissue-specific enhancer, Eμ. We propose that demethylation occurs after the first recombination step and may mark the junction for secondary recombination.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:10594431
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