Human B-cell Ontogeny in Humanized NOD/SCID γc\(^{null}\) Mice Generates a Diverse Yet Auto/Poly- and HIV-1 Reactive Antibody Repertoire

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Human B-cell Ontogeny in Humanized NOD/SCID γc\(^{null}\) Mice Generates a Diverse Yet Auto/Poly- and HIV-1 Reactive Antibody Repertoire

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Title: Human B-cell Ontogeny in Humanized NOD/SCID γc\(^{null}\) Mice Generates a Diverse Yet Auto/Poly- and HIV-1 Reactive Antibody Repertoire
Author: Chang, Hong; Biswas, Subhabrata; Tallarico, Aimee St. Clair; Sarkis, Phuong Thi Nguyen; Geng, Shusheng; Panditrao, Madhura M.; Zhu, Quan Karen; Marasco, Wayne A.

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Citation: Chang, Hong, Subhabrata Biswas, Aimee St. Clair Tallarico, Phuong Thi Nguyen Sarkis, Shusheng Geng, Madhura M. Panditrao, Quan Zhu, and Wayne A. Marasco. 2012. Human B-cell ontogeny in humanized NOD/SCID γc\(^{null}\) mice generates a diverse yet auto/poly- and HIV-1 reactive antibody repertoire. Genes and Immunity 13(5): 399-410.
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Abstract: Characterization of the human antibody (Ab) repertoire in mouse models of the human immune system is essential to establish their relevance in translational studies. Single human B-cells were sorted from bone marrow and periphery of humanized NOD/SCID γc\(^{null}\) mice at 8–10 months post-engraftment with human cord blood-derived CD34\(^+\) stem cells. Human immunoglobulin variable heavy (V\(_H\)) and kappa (V\(_κ\)) genes were amplified, cognate V\(_H\)-V\(_κ\) gene-pairs assembled as single-chain variable fragment-Fc antibodies (scFvFcs) and functional studies performed. Although overall distribution of V\(_H\) genes approximated the normal human Ab repertoire, analysis of the V\(_H\)-third complementarity determining regions (H-CDR3) in the mature B-cell subset demonstrated an increase in length and positive charges suggesting autoimmune characteristics. Additionally, >70% of Vκ sequences utilized V\(_κ\)4-1, a germline gene associated with autoimmunity. The mature B-cell subset-derived scFvFcs displayed the highest frequency of autoreactivity and polyspecificity, suggesting defects in checkpoint control mechanisms. Furthermore, these scFvFcs demonstrated binding to recombinant HIV envelope corroborating previous observations of poly/autoreactivity in anti-HIVgp140 antibodies. These data lend support to the hypothesis that anti-HIV BnAbs may be derived from auto/polyspecific Abs that escaped immune elimination and that the hNSG mouse could provide a new experimental platform for studying the origin of anti-HIV neutralizing Ab responses.
Published Version: doi:10.1038/gene.2012.16
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3411862/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:10611741
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