A Longitudinal Pilot Proton MRS Investigation of the Manic and Euthymic States of Bipolar Disorder

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A Longitudinal Pilot Proton MRS Investigation of the Manic and Euthymic States of Bipolar Disorder

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Title: A Longitudinal Pilot Proton MRS Investigation of the Manic and Euthymic States of Bipolar Disorder
Author: Brady, Roscoe Owen; Cooper, Anne; Jensen, John Eric; Tandon, Neeraj; Cohen, Bruce Michael; Renshaw, Perry Franklin; Keshavan, Matcheri S; Öngür, Dost

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Citation: Brady, Roscoe Owen, Anne Cooper, John Eric Jensen, Neeraj Tandon, Bruce Michael Cohen, Perry Franklin Renshaw, Matcheri S. Keshavan, and Dost Öngür. 2012. A longitudinal pilot proton MRS investigation of the manic and euthymic states of bipolar disorder. Translational Psychiatry 2(9): e160.
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Abstract: Several lines of evidence implicate dysfunction in brain energy production as a key component of bipolar disorder. In particular, elevated brain lactate levels observed in this condition suggest a shift from aerobic to anaerobic metabolism, possibly as a result of mitochondrial abnormalities. Most prior imaging studies of brain metabolites were performed in either euthymic or depressed bipolar patients or compared different populations in different mood states. We sought to measure brain metabolite concentrations in the same patients in both manic and euthymic states. Given the dramatic changes in clinical state of bipolar disorder patients, we hypothesized that previously observed abnormalities in lactate concentrations in bipolar disorder might show state dependent changes. In this study 15 patients (mean age 36.1 years) diagnosed with bipolar I disorder underwent proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy of the anterior cingulate cortex and parieto-occipital cortex during hospitalization for acute mania (mean Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) 22.1). Seven of these subjects returned (mean interval 21.16 months) to have imaging repeated while euthymic (mean YMRS 2.0). A group of age- and gender-matched control participants (N=6) were scanned as well. We report that during mania, bipolar disorder subjects had lactate levels comparable to healthy control subjects but during euthymia these levels were significantly reduced. No significant change was observed for other metabolites. These results implicate mood dependent alterations in energy metabolism in the biology of bipolar disorder. Additionally, this finding has potential use as a biomarker for both evaluating novel treatments as well as diagnostic clarification between mood disorders.
Published Version: doi:10.1038/tp.2012.84
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3565206/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:10613667
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