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dc.contributor.authorMueller-Wohlfahrt, Hans-Wilhelm
dc.contributor.authorHaensel, Lutz
dc.contributor.authorEkstrand, Jan
dc.contributor.authorEnglish, Bryan
dc.contributor.authorMcNally, Steven
dc.contributor.authorOrchard, John
dc.contributor.authorvan Dijk, C Niek
dc.contributor.authorKerkhoffs, Gino M
dc.contributor.authorSchamasch, Patrick
dc.contributor.authorBlottner, Dieter
dc.contributor.authorSwaerd, Leif
dc.contributor.authorGoedhart, Edwin
dc.contributor.authorUeblacker, Peter
dc.contributor.authorMithoefer, Kai
dc.date.accessioned2013-05-14T13:11:44Z
dc.date.issued2013
dc.identifier.citationMueller-Wohlfahrt, Hans-Wilhelm, Lutz Haensel, Kai Mithoefer, Jan Ekstrand, Bryan English, Steven McNally, John Orchard, et al. 2013. Terminology and classification of muscle injuries in sport: The Munich consensus statement. British Journal of Sports Medicine 47(6): 342-350.en_US
dc.identifier.issn0306-3674en_US
dc.identifier.issn1473-0480en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:10627604
dc.description.abstractObjective: To provide a clear terminology and classification of muscle injuries in order to facilitate effective communication among medical practitioners and development of systematic treatment strategies. Methods: Thirty native English-speaking scientists and team doctors of national and first division professional sports teams were asked to complete a questionnaire on muscle injuries to evaluate the currently used terminology of athletic muscle injury. In addition, a consensus meeting of international sports medicine experts was established to develop practical and scientific definitions of muscle injuries as well as a new and comprehensive classification system. Results: The response rate of the survey was 63%. The responses confirmed the marked variability in the use of the terminology relating to muscle injury, with the most obvious inconsistencies for the term strain. In the consensus meeting, practical and systematic terms were defined and established. In addition, a new comprehensive classification system was developed, which differentiates between four types: functional muscle disorders (type 1: overexertion-related and type 2: neuromuscular muscle disorders) describing disorders without macroscopic evidence of fibre tear and structural muscle injuries (type 3: partial tears and type 4: (sub)total tears/tendinous avulsions) with macroscopic evidence of fibre tear, that is, structural damage. Subclassifications are presented for each type. Conclusions: A consistent English terminology as well as a comprehensive classification system for athletic muscle injuries which is proven in the daily practice are presented. This will help to improve clarity of communication for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes and can serve as the basis for future comparative studies to address the continued lack of systematic information on muscle injuries in the literature. What are the new things: Consensus definitions of the terminology which is used in the field of muscle injuries as well as a new comprehensive classification system which clearly defines types of athletic muscle injuries.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherBMJ Publishing Groupen_US
dc.relation.isversionofdoi:10.1136/bjsports-2012-091448en_US
dc.relation.hasversionhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3607100/pdf/en_US
dash.licenseLAA
dc.subjectAthleticsen_US
dc.subjectHamstring injuriesen_US
dc.subjectMuscle damage/injuriesen_US
dc.subjectMuscle crampingen_US
dc.subjectSporting injuriesen_US
dc.titleTerminology and Classification of Muscle Injuries in Sport: The Munich Consensus Statementen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.description.versionVersion of Recorden_US
dc.relation.journalBritish Journal of Sports Medicineen_US
dash.depositing.authorMithoefer, Kai
dc.date.available2013-05-14T13:11:44Z
dc.identifier.doi10.1136/bjsports-2012-091448*
dash.authorsorderedfalse
dash.contributor.affiliatedMithoefer, Kai


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