Local Industrial Structures and Female Entrepreneurship in India

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Local Industrial Structures and Female Entrepreneurship in India

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Title: Local Industrial Structures and Female Entrepreneurship in India
Author: Ghani, Ejaz; Kerr, William Robert; O'Connell, Stephen D.

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Ghani, Ejaz, William R. Kerr, and Stephen D. O'Connell. "Local Industrial Structures and Female Entrepreneurship in India." Journal of Economic Geography (forthcoming).
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Abstract: We analyze the spatial determinants of female entrepreneurship in India in the manufacturing and services sectors. We focus on the presence of incumbent female-owned businesses and their role in promoting higher subsequent female entrepreneurship relative to male entrepreneurship. We find evidence of agglomeration economies in both sectors, where higher female ownership among incumbent businesses within a district-industry predicts a greater share of subsequent entrepreneurs will be female. Moreover, higher female ownership of local businesses in related industries (e.g., those sharing similar labor needs, industries related via input-output markets) predict greater relative female entry rates even after controlling for the focal district-industry's conditions. The core patterns hold when using local industrial conditions in 1994 to instrument for incumbent conditions in 2000–2005. The results highlight that the traits of business owners in incumbent industrial structures influence the types of entrepreneurs supported.
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Open Access Policy Articles, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#OAP
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:10686188
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