Antileukemic Activity of Nuclear Export Inhibitors that Spare Normal Hematopoietic Cells

DSpace/Manakin Repository

Antileukemic Activity of Nuclear Export Inhibitors that Spare Normal Hematopoietic Cells

Citable link to this page

 

 
Title: Antileukemic Activity of Nuclear Export Inhibitors that Spare Normal Hematopoietic Cells
Author: Etchin, Julia; Sun, Q; Kentsis, Alex; Farmer, A; Zhang, Z C; Sanda, Takaomi; Mansour, M R; Barcelo, C; McCauley, D; Kauffman, M; Shacham, S; Christie, A L; Kung, A L; Rodig, Scott J.; Chook, Y M; Look, A. Thomas

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Etchin, J., Q. Sun, A. Kentsis, A. Farmer, Z. C. Zhang, T. Sanda, M. R. Mansour, et al. 2013. Antileukemic activity of nuclear export inhibitors that spare normal hematopoietic cells. Leukemia 27: 66-74.
Full Text & Related Files:
Abstract: Drugs that target the chief mediator of nuclear export, chromosome region maintenance 1 protein (CRM1) have potential as therapeutics for leukemia, but existing CRM1 inhibitors show variable potencies and a broad range of cytotoxic effects. Here, we report the structural analysis and antileukemic activity of a new generation of small-molecule inhibitors of CRM1. Designated selective inhibitors of nuclear export (SINE), these compounds were developed using molecular modeling to screen a small virtual library of compounds against the nuclear export signal (NES) groove of CRM1. The 2.2-Å crystal structure of the CRM1-Ran-RanBP1 complex bound to KPT-251, a representative molecule of this class of inhibitors, shows that the drug occupies part of the groove in CRM1 that is usually occupied by the NES, but penetrates much deeper into the groove and blocks CRM1-directed protein export. SINE inhibitors exhibit potent antileukemic activity, inducing apoptosis at nanomolar concentrations in a panel of 14 human acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell lines representing different molecular subtypes of the disease. When administered orally to immunodeficient mice engrafted with human AML cells, KPT-251 had potent antileukemic activity with negligible toxicity to normal hematopoietic cells. Thus, KPT-SINE CRM1 antagonists represent a novel class of drugs that warrant further testing in AML patients.
Published Version: doi:10.1038/leu.2012.219
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3542631/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:10708067
Downloads of this work:

Show full Dublin Core record

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

 
 

Search DASH


Advanced Search
 
 

Submitters