Retrieval Failure Contributes to Gist-Based False Recognition

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Retrieval Failure Contributes to Gist-Based False Recognition

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Title: Retrieval Failure Contributes to Gist-Based False Recognition
Author: Guerin, Scott A.; Robbins, Clifford A.; Gilmore, Adrian; Schacter, Daniel L.

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Citation: Guerin, Scott A., Clifford A. Robbins, Adrian W. Gilmore, and Daniel L. Schacter. 2012. Retrieval failure contributes to gist-based false recognition. Journal of Memory and Language 66(1): 68-78.
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Abstract: People often falsely recognize items that are similar to previously encountered items. This robust memory error is referred to as gist-based false recognition. A widely held view is that this error occurs because the details fade rapidly from our memory. Contrary to this view, an initial experiment revealed that, following the same encoding conditions that produce high rates of gist-based false recognition, participants overwhelmingly chose the correct target rather than its related foil when given the option to do so. A second experiment showed that this result is due to increased access to stored details provided by reinstatement of the originally encoded photograph, rather than to increased attention to the details. Collectively, these results suggest that details needed for accurate recognition are, to a large extent, still stored in memory and that a critical factor determining whether false recognition will occur is whether these details can be accessed during retrieval.
Published Version: doi:10.1016/j.jml.2011.07.002
Other Sources: http://www.wjh.harvard.edu/~dsweb/publications_files/Guerin_Robbins_Gilmore_%26_Schacter_2012_JML.pdf
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Open Access Policy Articles, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#OAP
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:10718357
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