Ancient Impact and Aqueous Processes at Endeavour Crater, Mars

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Ancient Impact and Aqueous Processes at Endeavour Crater, Mars

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Title: Ancient Impact and Aqueous Processes at Endeavour Crater, Mars
Author: Knoll, Andrew Herbert; Squyres, S. W.; Arvidson, R. E.; Bell, J. F., III; Calef, F., III; Clark, B. C.; Cohen, B. A.; Crumpler, L. A.; de Souza, P. A., Jr.; Farrand, W. H.; Gellert, R.; Grant, J.; Hurowitz, J. A.; Herkenhoff, K. E.; Johnson, J. R.; Jolliff, B. L.; Li, R.; McLennan, S. M.; Ming, D. W.; Mittlefehldt, D. W.; Parker, T. J.; Paulsen, G.; Rice, M. S.; Ruff, S. W.; Schröder, C.; Yen, A. S.; Zacny, K.

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Squyres, S. W., R. E. Arvidson, J. F. Bell III, F. Calef III, B. C. Clark, B. A. Cohen, L. A. Crumpler, et al. 2012. Ancient impact and aqueous processes at Endeavour crater, Mars. Science 336(6081): 570-576.
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Abstract: The rover Opportunity has investigated the rim of Endeavour Crater, a large ancient impact crater on Mars. Basaltic breccias produced by the impact form the rim deposits, with stratigraphy similar to that observed at similar-sized craters on Earth. Highly localized zinc enrichments in some breccia materials suggest hydrothermal alteration of rim deposits. Gypsum-rich veins cut sedimentary rocks adjacent to the crater rim. The gypsum was precipitated from low-temperature aqueous fluids flowing upward from the ancient materials of the rim, leading temporarily to potentially habitable conditions and providing some of the waters involved in formation of the ubiquitous sulfate-rich sandstones of the Meridiani region.
Published Version: doi:10.1126/science.1220476
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:10735581
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