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dc.contributor.authorViesca, Robert C.
dc.contributor.authorRice, James R.
dc.date.accessioned2013-07-03T18:22:05Z
dc.date.issued2012
dc.identifier.citationViesca, Robert C., and James R. Rice. 2012. Nucleation of slip-weakening rupture instability in landslides by localized increase of pore pressure. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 117: B03104.en_US
dc.identifier.issn2169-9356en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:10859956
dc.description.abstractWe model landslide initiation as slip surface growth driven by local elevated pore pressure, with particular reference to submarine slides. Assuming an elastic medium and friction that weakens with slip, solutions exist in which the slip surface may dynamically grow, without further pore pressure increases, at a rate of the order of the sediment shear wave speed, a situation comparable to earthquake nucleation. The size of the rupture at this transition point depends weakly on the imposed pore pressure pro file; however, the amount of slip at the transition depends strongly on whether the pore pressure was broadly or sharply elevated. Sharper profiles may result in pore pressures reaching the total slope-normal stress before dynamic rupture is nucleated. While we do not account for modes of failure other than pure slip on a failure surface, this may be an indication that additional modes involving liquefaction or hydraulic cracking may be factors in the initiation of shallow slope failure. We identify two lengthscales, one geometrical (h, depth below the free surface) and one material (l, determined by the frictional weakening rate) and a transition in nucleation behavior between effectively "deep" and "shallow" limits dependent on their ratio. Whether dynamic propagation of failure is indefinite or arresting depends largely on whether the background shear stress is closer to nominal peak or residual frictional strength. This is determined in part by background pore pressures, and to consider the submarine case we simplify a common sedimentation/consolidation approach to reflect interest in near-seafloor conditions.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipEarth and Planetary Sciencesen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipEngineering and Applied Sciencesen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherAmerican Geophysical Unionen_US
dc.relation.isversionofdx.doi.org/10.1029/2011JB008866en_US
dc.relation.hasversionhttp://esag.harvard.edu/rice/248_ViescaRice_PorePressNuclLandslide_JGR12.pdfen_US
dash.licenseOAP
dc.titleNucleation of Slip-Weakening Rupture Instability in Landslides by Localized Increase of Pore Pressureen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.description.versionAccepted Manuscripten_US
dc.relation.journalJournal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earthen_US
dash.depositing.authorRice, James R.
dc.date.available2013-07-03T18:22:05Z
dc.identifier.doi10.1029/2011JB008866*
dash.contributor.affiliatedRice, James


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