Young Children Consider Merit when Sharing Resources with Others

DSpace/Manakin Repository

Young Children Consider Merit when Sharing Resources with Others

Citable link to this page

 

 
Title: Young Children Consider Merit when Sharing Resources with Others
Author: Kanngiesser, Patricia; Warneken, Felix

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Kanngiesser, Patricia, and Felix Warneken. 2012. Young children consider merit when sharing resources with others. PLoS ONE 7(8): e43979.
Full Text & Related Files:
Abstract: Merit is a key principle of fairness: rewards should be distributed according to how much someone contributed to a task. Previous research suggests that children have an early ability to take merit into account in third-party situations but that merit-based sharing in first-party contexts does not emerge until school-age. Here we provide evidence that three- and five-year-old children already use merit to share resources with others, even when sharing is costly for the child. In Study 1, a child and a puppet-partner collected coins that were later exchanged for rewards. We varied the work-contribution of both partners by manipulating how many coins each partner collected. Children kept fewer stickers in trials in which they had contributed less than in trials in which they had contributed more than the partner, showing that they took merit into account. Few children, however, gave away more than half of the stickers when the partner had worked more. Study 2 confirmed that children related their own work-contribution to their partner’s, rather than simply focusing on their own contribution. Taken together, these studies show that merit-based sharing is apparent in young children; however it remains constrained by a self-serving bias.
Published Version: doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0043979
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3430625/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:10861179
Downloads of this work:

Show full Dublin Core record

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

 
 

Search DASH


Advanced Search
 
 

Submitters