Microscopic Magnetic Stimulation of Neural Tissue

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Microscopic Magnetic Stimulation of Neural Tissue

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Title: Microscopic Magnetic Stimulation of Neural Tissue
Author: Bonmassar, Giorgio; Lee, Seungwoo; Freeman, Daniel K.; Polasek, Miloslav; Fried, Shelley Irwin; Gale, John T.

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Citation: Bonmassar, Giorgio, Seungwoo Lee, Daniel K. Freeman, Miloslav Polasek, Shelley Irwin Fried, and John T. Gale. 2012. Microscopic magnetic stimulation of neural tissue. Nature Communications 3(6): 921.
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Abstract: Electrical stimulation is currently used to treat a wide range of cardiovascular, sensory and neurological diseases. Despite its success, there are significant limitations to its application, including incompatibility with magnetic resonance imaging, limited control of electric fields and decreased performance associated with tissue inflammation. Magnetic stimulation overcomes these limitations but existing devices (that is, transcranial magnetic stimulation) are large, reducing their translation to chronic applications. In addition, existing devices are not effective for deeper, sub-cortical targets. Here we demonstrate that sub-millimeter coils can activate neuronal tissue. Interestingly, the results of both modelling and physiological experiments suggest that different spatial orientations of the coils relative to the neuronal tissue can be used to generate specific neural responses. These results raise the possibility that micro-magnetic stimulation coils, small enough to be implanted within the brain parenchyma, may prove to be an effective alternative to existing stimulation devices.
Published Version: doi:10.1038/ncomms1914
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3621430/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:10978153
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