Partition Models for Variable Selection and Interaction Detection

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Partition Models for Variable Selection and Interaction Detection

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Title: Partition Models for Variable Selection and Interaction Detection
Author: Jiang, Bo
Citation: Jiang, Bo. 2013. Partition Models for Variable Selection and Interaction Detection. Doctoral dissertation, Harvard University.
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Abstract: Variable selection methods play important roles in modeling high-dimensional data and are key to data-driven scientific discoveries. In this thesis, we consider the problem of variable selection with interaction detection. Instead of building a predictive model of the response given combinations of predictors, we start by modeling the conditional distribution of predictors given partitions based on responses. We use this inverse modeling perspective as motivation to propose a stepwise procedure for effectively detecting interaction with few assumptions on parametric form. The proposed procedure is able to detect pairwise interactions among p predictors with a computational time of \(O(p)\) instead of \(O(p^2)\) under moderate conditions. We establish consistency of the proposed procedure in variable selection under a diverging number of predictors and sample size. We demonstrate its excellent empirical performance in comparison with some existing methods through simulation studies as well as real data examples. Next, we combine the forward and inverse modeling perspectives under the Bayesian framework to detect pleiotropic and epistatic effects in effects in expression quantitative loci (eQTLs) studies. We augment the Bayesian partition model proposed by Zhang et al. (2010) to capture complex dependence structure among gene expression and genetic markers. In particular, we propose a sequential partition prior to model the asymmetric roles played by the response and the predictors, and we develop an efficient dynamic programming algorithm for sampling latent individual partitions. The augmented partition model significantly improves the power in detecting eQTLs compared to previous methods in both simulations and real data examples pertaining to yeast. Finally, we study the application of Bayesian partition models in the unsupervised learning of transcription factor (TF) families based on protein binding microarray (PBM). The problem of TF subclass identification can be viewed as the clustering of TFs with variable selection on their binding DNA sequences. Our model provides simultaneous identification of TF families and their shared sequence preferences, as well as DNA sequences bound preferentially by individual members of TF families. Our analysis may aid in deciphering cis regulatory codes and determinants of protein-DNA binding specificity.
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:11124828
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