Genomic variation and evolution of the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum

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Genomic variation and evolution of the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum

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Title: Genomic variation and evolution of the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum
Author: Chang, Hsiao-Han
Citation: Chang, Hsiao-Han. 2013. Genomic variation and evolution of the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum. Doctoral dissertation, Harvard University.
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Abstract: Malaria is a deadly disease that causes nearly one million deaths each year. Understanding the demographic history of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum and the genetic basis of its adaptations to antimalarial treatments and the human immune system is important for developing methods to control and eradicate malaria. To study the long-term demographic history and recent effective size of the population in order to identify genes under selection more efficiently and predict the effectiveness of selection, in Chapter 2 we sequenced the complete genomes of 25 cultured P. falciparum isolates from Senegal. In addition, in Chapter 3 we estimated temporal allele frequencies in 24 loci among 528 strains from the same population across six years. Based on genetic diversity of the genome sequences, we estimate the long-term effective population size to be approximately 100,000, and a major population expansion of the parasite population approximately 20,000-40,000 years ago. Based on temporal changes in allele frequencies, however, the recent effective size is estimated to be less than 100 from 2007-2011. The discrepancy may reflect recent aggressive efforts to control malaria in Senegal or migration between populations.
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Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:11156811
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