C-H Amination Catalysis from High-Spin Ferrous Complexes
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CitationHennessy, Elisabeth Therese. 2013. C-H Amination Catalysis from High-Spin Ferrous Complexes. Doctoral dissertation, Harvard University.
AbstractThe C-H amination and olefin aziridination chemistry of iron supported by dipyrromethene ligands (RLAr, L=1,9-R2-5-aryldipyrromethene, R = Mes, 2,4,6-Ph3C6H2, tBu, Ad, 10-camphoryl, Ar = Mes, 2,4,6-Cl3C6H2) was explored. The weak-field, pyrrole-based dipyrrinato ligand was designed to generate an electrophilic, high-spin metal center capable of accessing high valent reactive intermediates in the presence of organic azides. Isolation of the reactive intermediate in combination with a series of mechanistic experiments suggest the N-group transfer chemistry proceeds through a rapid, single-electron pathway and maintains an overall S=2 electronic configuration throughout the catalytic cycle. We have established the catalysts' strong preference for allylic amination over aziridination with olefin containing substrates. Aziridination is limited to styrenyl substrates without allylic C-H bonds, while allylic amination has been demonstrated with both cyclic and linear aliphatic alkenes. Notably, the functionalization of &alpha-olefins to linear allylic amines occurs with outstanding regioselectivity.
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