CD40L-Tri, a novel formulation of recombinant human CD40L that effectively activates B cells
Burkhardt, Ute E.
Stevenson, Kristen E.
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CitationNaito, Masayasu, Ursula Hainz, Ute E. Burkhardt, Buyin Fu, Deborah Ahove, Kristen E. Stevenson, Mohini Rajasagi, et al. 2012. Cd40l-tri, a novel formulation of recombinant human cd40l that effectively activates b cells. Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy 62(2): 347-357.
AbstractCD40L has a well-established role in enhancing the immunostimulatory capacity of normal and malignant B cells, but a formulation suitable for clinical use has not been widely available. Like other TNF family members, in vivo and in vitro activity of CD40L requires a homotrimeric configuration, and growing evidence suggests that bioactivity depends on higher-order clustering of CD40. We generated a novel formulation of human recombinant CD40L (CD40L-Tri) in which the CD40L extracellular domain and a trimerization motif are connected by a long flexible peptide linker. We demonstrate that CD40L-Tri significantly expands normal CD19+ B cells by over 20- to 30-fold over 14 days and induces B cells to become highly immunostimulatory antigen-presenting cells (APCs). Consistent with these results, CD40L-Tri-activated B cells could effectively stimulate antigen-specific T responses (against the influenza M1 peptide) from normal volunteers. In addition, CD40L-Tri could induce malignant B cells to become effective APCs, such that tumor-directed immune responses could be probed. Together, our studies demonstrate the potent immune-stimulatory effects of CD40L-Tri on B cells that enable their expansion of antigen-specific human T cells. The potent bioactivity of CD40L-Tri is related to its ability to self-multimerize, which may be facilitated by its long peptide linker. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s00262-012-1331-4) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
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