Inter-Relationships of Cardinal Features and Outcomes of Symptomatic Pediatric Plasmodium falciparum Malaria in 1,933 Children in Kampala, Uganda
Cserti-Gazdewich, Christine M.
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CitationCserti-Gazdewich, Christine M., Aggrey Dhabangi, Charles Musoke, Isaac Ssewanyana, Henry Ddungu, Deborah Nakiboneka-Ssenabulya, Nicolette Nabukeera-Barungi, Arthur Mpimbaza, and Walter H. Dzik. 2013. Inter-relationships of cardinal features and outcomes of symptomatic pediatric plasmodium falciparum malaria in 1,933 children in kampala, uganda. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 88(4): 747-756.
AbstractMalaria remains a challenging diagnosis with variable clinical presentation and a wide spectrum of disease severity. Using a structured case report form, we prospectively assessed 1,933 children at Mulago Hospital in Kampala, Uganda with acute Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Children with uncomplicated malaria significantly differed from those with severe disease for 17 features. Among 855 children with severe disease, the case-fatality rate increased as the number of severity features increased. Logistic regression identified five factors independently associated with death: cerebral malaria, hypoxia, severe thrombocytopenia, leukocytosis, and lactic acidosis. Cluster analysis identified two groups: one combining anemia, splenomegaly, and leukocytosis; and a second group centered on death, severe thrombocytopenia, and lactic acidosis, which included cerebral malaria, hypoxia, hypoglycemia, and hyper-parasitemia. Our report updates previous clinical descriptions of severe malaria, quantifies significant clinical and laboratory inter-relationships, and will assist clinicians treating malaria and those planning or assessing future research (NCT00707200) (www.clinicaltrials.gov).
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:11180456
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