Fatalities Among Iranian High-altitude Outdoor Enthusiasts: Causes and Mechanisms

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Fatalities Among Iranian High-altitude Outdoor Enthusiasts: Causes and Mechanisms

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Title: Fatalities Among Iranian High-altitude Outdoor Enthusiasts: Causes and Mechanisms
Author: Kordi, Ramin; Rostami, Mohsen; Heidari, Pedram; Ameli, Sanaz; Foroughifard, Lotfali; Kordi, Mahboobeh

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Citation: Kordi, Ramin, Mohsen Rostami, Pedram Heidari, Sanaz Ameli, Lotfali Foroughifard, and Mahboobeh Kordi. 2012. Fatalities among Iranian high-altitude outdoor enthusiasts: causes and mechanisms. Asian Journal of Sports Medicine 3(4): 285-290.
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Abstract: Purpose: This study was performed to determine the possible causes and mechanisms of fatalities among Iranian mountaineers during climbing. Methods: By contacting several sources, deceased mountaineers were identified. Data about the causes and mechanism of death was retrospectively obtained using a standard questionnaire for each case. Results: A total of 29 deaths were identified from March 2006 to June 2010. Deceased subjects had a mean age of 39 years (SD: 12.8, Range: 20-67). Falling was the most common accident leading to death of outdoor enthusiasts (n = 14, 48%). Asphyxia (n = 6, 24%) was the most common cause of death among the subjects, followed by heart attack, internal bleeding, cerebral hemorrhage and hypothermia (17%, 17%, 17% and 10%, respectively). Conclusions: Our findings suggest that education of medical service providers of the climbing groups on facing victims in high altitude areas, where they have limited resources, can be particularly helpful. In addition, a national program to educate mountaineers might help to reduce fatalities.
Published Version: http://asjsm.tums.ac.ir/index.php/asjsm/article/view/221.pdf
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3525826/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:11181207
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