A Small-Molecule Probe of the Histone Methyltransferase G9a Induces Cellular Senescence in Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma

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A Small-Molecule Probe of the Histone Methyltransferase G9a Induces Cellular Senescence in Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma

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Title: A Small-Molecule Probe of the Histone Methyltransferase G9a Induces Cellular Senescence in Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma
Author: Wang, Qiu; Paulk, Joshiawa Lanair James; Kubicek, Stefan; Kemp, Melissa M.; Adams, Drew J.; Shamji, Alykhan Farid; Wagner, Bridget K.; Schreiber, Stuart L.; Yuan, Yuan

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Citation: Yuan, Yuan, Qiu Wang, Joshiawa Lanair James Paulk, Stefan Kubicek, Melissa M. Kemp, Drew J. Adams, Alykhan Farid Shamji, Bridget K. Wagner, and Stuart L. Schreiber. 2012. A small-molecule probe of the histone methyltransferase g9a induces cellular senescence in pancreatic adenocarcinoma. ACS Chemical Biology 7(7): 1152-1157.
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Abstract: Post-translational modifications of histones alter chromatin structure and play key roles in gene expression and specification of cell states. Small molecules that target chromatin-modifying enzymes selectively are useful as probes and have promise as therapeutics, although very few are currently available. G9a (also named euchromatin histone methyltransferase 2 (EHMT2)) catalyzes methylation of lysine 9 on histone H3 (H3K9), a modification linked to aberrant silencing of tumor-suppressor genes, among others. Here, we report the discovery of a novel histone methyltransferase inhibitor, BRD4770. This compound reduced cellular levels of di- and trimethylated H3K9 without inducing apoptosis, induced senescence, and inhibited both anchorage-dependent and -independent proliferation in the pancreatic cancer cell line PANC-1. ATM-pathway activation, caused by either genetic or small-molecule inhibition of G9a, may mediate BRD4770-induced cell senescence. BRD4770 may be a useful tool to study G9a and its role in senescence and cancer cell biology.
Published Version: doi:10.1021/cb300139y
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3401036/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:11210614
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