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dc.contributor.authorToussaint, Loren L.
dc.contributor.authorMarschall, Justin C.
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, David
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-24T20:09:42Z
dc.date.issued2012
dc.identifier.citationToussaint, Loren L., Justin C. Marschall, and David R. Williams. 2012. Prospective associations between religiousness/spirituality and depression and mediating effects of forgiveness in a nationally representative sample of united states adults. Depression Research and Treatment 2012.en_US
dc.identifier.issn2090-1321en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:11211541
dc.description.abstractThe present investigation examines the prospective associations of religiousness/spirituality with depression and the extent to which various dimensions of forgiveness act as mediating mechanisms of these associations. Data are from a nationally representative sample of United States adults who were first interviewed in 1998 and reinterviewed six months later. Measures of religiousness/spirituality, forgiveness, and various sociodemographics were collected. Depression was assessed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview administered by trained interviewers. Results showed that religiousness/spirituality, forgiveness of oneself and others, and feeling forgiven by God were associated, both cross-sectionally and longitudinally, with depressive status. After controlling for initial depressive status, only forgiveness of oneself and others remained statistically significant predictors of depression. Path analyses revealed that religiousness/spirituality conveyed protective effects, prospectively, on depression by way of an indirect path through forgiveness of others but not forgiveness of oneself. Hence, forgiveness of others acts as a mechanism of the salutary effect of religiousness/spirituality, but forgiveness of oneself is an independent predictor. Conclusions regarding the continued development of this type of research and for the treatment of clients with depression are offered.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipAfrican and African American Studiesen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipSociologyen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherHindawi Publishing Corporationen_US
dc.relation.isversionofdoi:10.1155/2012/267820en_US
dc.relation.hasversionhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3364534/pdf/en_US
dash.licenseLAA
dc.titleProspective Associations between Religiousness/Spirituality and Depression and Mediating Effects of Forgiveness in a Nationally Representative Sample of United States Adultsen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.description.versionVersion of Recorden_US
dc.relation.journalDepression Research and Treatmenten_US
dash.depositing.authorWilliams, David
dc.date.available2013-10-24T20:09:42Z
dc.identifier.doi10.1155/2012/267820*
dash.contributor.affiliatedWilliams, David


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