Prospective Associations between Religiousness/Spirituality and Depression and Mediating Effects of Forgiveness in a Nationally Representative Sample of United States Adults

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Prospective Associations between Religiousness/Spirituality and Depression and Mediating Effects of Forgiveness in a Nationally Representative Sample of United States Adults

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dc.contributor.author Toussaint, Loren L.
dc.contributor.author Marschall, Justin C.
dc.contributor.author Williams, David
dc.date.accessioned 2013-10-24T20:09:42Z
dc.date.issued 2012
dc.identifier.citation Toussaint, Loren L., Justin C. Marschall, and David R. Williams. 2012. Prospective associations between religiousness/spirituality and depression and mediating effects of forgiveness in a nationally representative sample of united states adults. Depression Research and Treatment 2012. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 2090-1321 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:11211541
dc.description.abstract The present investigation examines the prospective associations of religiousness/spirituality with depression and the extent to which various dimensions of forgiveness act as mediating mechanisms of these associations. Data are from a nationally representative sample of United States adults who were first interviewed in 1998 and reinterviewed six months later. Measures of religiousness/spirituality, forgiveness, and various sociodemographics were collected. Depression was assessed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview administered by trained interviewers. Results showed that religiousness/spirituality, forgiveness of oneself and others, and feeling forgiven by God were associated, both cross-sectionally and longitudinally, with depressive status. After controlling for initial depressive status, only forgiveness of oneself and others remained statistically significant predictors of depression. Path analyses revealed that religiousness/spirituality conveyed protective effects, prospectively, on depression by way of an indirect path through forgiveness of others but not forgiveness of oneself. Hence, forgiveness of others acts as a mechanism of the salutary effect of religiousness/spirituality, but forgiveness of oneself is an independent predictor. Conclusions regarding the continued development of this type of research and for the treatment of clients with depression are offered. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship African and African American Studies en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Sociology en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Hindawi Publishing Corporation en_US
dc.relation.isversionof doi:10.1155/2012/267820 en_US
dc.relation.hasversion http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3364534/pdf/ en_US
dash.license LAA
dc.title Prospective Associations between Religiousness/Spirituality and Depression and Mediating Effects of Forgiveness in a Nationally Representative Sample of United States Adults en_US
dc.type Journal Article en_US
dc.description.version Version of Record en_US
dc.relation.journal Depression Research and Treatment en_US
dash.depositing.author Williams, David
dc.date.available 2013-10-24T20:09:42Z

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