Genome Features of “Dark-Fly”, a Drosophila Line Reared Long-Term in a Dark Environment

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Genome Features of “Dark-Fly”, a Drosophila Line Reared Long-Term in a Dark Environment

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Title: Genome Features of “Dark-Fly”, a Drosophila Line Reared Long-Term in a Dark Environment
Author: Izutsu, Minako; Zhou, Jun; Sugiyama, Yuzo; Nishimura, Osamu; Aizu, Tomoyuki; Toyoda, Atsushi; Fujiyama, Asao; Agata, Kiyokazu; Fuse, Naoyuki

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Citation: Izutsu, Minako, Jun Zhou, Yuzo Sugiyama, Osamu Nishimura, Tomoyuki Aizu, Atsushi Toyoda, Asao Fujiyama, Kiyokazu Agata, and Naoyuki Fuse. 2012. Genome features of “dark-fly”, a drosophila line reared long-term in a dark environment. PLoS ONE 7(3).
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Abstract: Organisms are remarkably adapted to diverse environments by specialized metabolisms, morphology, or behaviors. To address the molecular mechanisms underlying environmental adaptation, we have utilized a Drosophila melanogaster line, termed “Dark-fly”, which has been maintained in constant dark conditions for 57 years (1400 generations). We found that Dark-fly exhibited higher fecundity in dark than in light conditions, indicating that Dark-fly possesses some traits advantageous in darkness. Using next-generation sequencing technology, we determined the whole genome sequence of Dark-fly and identified approximately 220,000 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and 4,700 insertions or deletions (InDels) in the Dark-fly genome compared to the genome of the Oregon-R-S strain, a control strain. 1.8% of SNPs were classified as non-synonymous SNPs (nsSNPs: i.e., they alter the amino acid sequence of gene products). Among them, we detected 28 nonsense mutations (i.e., they produce a stop codon in the protein sequence) in the Dark-fly genome. These included genes encoding an olfactory receptor and a light receptor. We also searched runs of homozygosity (ROH) regions as putative regions selected during the population history, and found 21 ROH regions in the Dark-fly genome. We identified 241 genes carrying nsSNPs or InDels in the ROH regions. These include a cluster of alpha-esterase genes that are involved in detoxification processes. Furthermore, analysis of structural variants in the Dark-fly genome showed the deletion of a gene related to fatty acid metabolism. Our results revealed unique features of the Dark-fly genome and provided a list of potential candidate genes involved in environmental adaptation.
Published Version: doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0033288
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3303825/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:11350526
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