Effects of airborne pollutants on mitochondrial DNA Methylation

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Effects of airborne pollutants on mitochondrial DNA Methylation

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Title: Effects of airborne pollutants on mitochondrial DNA Methylation
Author: Byun, Hyang-Min; Panni, Tommaso; Motta, Valeria; Hou, Lifang; Nordio, Francesco; Apostoli, Pietro; Bertazzi, Pier Alberto; Baccarelli, Andrea

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Citation: Byun, Hyang-Min, Tommaso Panni, Valeria Motta, Lifang Hou, Francesco Nordio, Pietro Apostoli, Pier Alberto Bertazzi, and Andrea A Baccarelli. 2013. Effects of airborne pollutants on mitochondrial dna methylation. Particle and Fibre Toxicology 10: 18.
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Abstract: Background: Mitochondria have small mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) molecules independent from the nuclear DNA, a separate epigenetic machinery that generates mtDNA methylation, and are primary sources of oxidative-stress generation in response to exogenous environments. However, no study has yet investigated whether mitochondrial DNA methylation is sensitive to pro-oxidant environmental exposures. Methods: We sampled 40 male participants (20 high-, 20 low-exposure) from each of three studies on airborne pollutants, including investigations of steel workers exposed to metal-rich particulate matter (measured as PM1) in Brescia, Italy (Study 1); gas-station attendants exposed to air benzene in Milan, Italy (Study 2); and truck drivers exposed to traffic-derived Elemental Carbon (EC) in Beijing, China (Study 3). We have measured DNA methylation from buffy coats of the participants. We measured methylation by bisulfite-Pyrosequencing in three mtDNA regions, i.e., the transfer RNA phenylalanine (MT-TF), 12S ribosomal RNA (MT-RNR1) gene and “D-loop” control region. All analyses were adjusted for age and smoking. Results: In Study 1, participants with high metal-rich PM1 exposure showed higher MT-TF and MT-RNR1 methylation than low-exposed controls (difference = 1.41, P = 0.002); MT-TF and MT-RNR1 methylation was significantly associated with PM1 exposure (beta = 1.35, P = 0.025); and MT-RNR1 methylation was positively correlated with mtDNA copy number (r = 0.36; P = 0.02). D-loop methylation was not associated with PM1 exposure. We found no effects on mtDNA methylation from air benzene (Study 2) and traffic-derived EC exposure (Study 3). Conclusions: Mitochondrial MT-TF and MT-RNR1 DNA methylation was associated with metal-rich PM1 exposure and mtDNA copy number. Our results suggest that locus-specific mtDNA methylation is correlated to selected exposures and mtDNA damage. Larger studies are needed to validate our observations.
Published Version: doi:10.1186/1743-8977-10-18
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3660297/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:11375890
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