Cyclic AMP Regulation of Protein Lysine Acetylation in Mycobacterium Tuberculosis
Lee, Ho Jun
Lang, P. Therese
Sassetti, Christopher M.
MetadataShow full item record
CitationLee, Ho Jun, P. Therese Lang, Sarah M. Fortune, Christopher M. Sassetti, and Tom Alber. 2012. Cyclic AMP regulation of protein lysine acetylation in mycobacterium tuberculosis. Nature Structural and Molecular Biology 19(8): 811-8.
AbstractProtein lysine acetylation networks can regulate central processes such as carbon metabolism and gene expression in bacteria. In Escherichia coli, cyclic-AMP (cAMP) regulates protein lysine acetyltransferase (PAT) activity at the transcriptional level, but in Mycobacterium tuberculosis, fusion of a cyclic-nucleotide binding domain to a Gcn5-like PAT domain enables direct cAMP control of protein acetylation. Here we describe the allosteric activation mechanism of M. tuberculosis PAT. The crystal structures of the auto-inhibited and cAMP-activated PAT reveal that cAMP binds to a cryptic site in the regulatory domain over 32 Å from the catalytic site. An extensive conformational rearrangement relieves auto-inhibition by a substrate-mimicking lid that covers the protein-substrate binding surface. A steric double latch couples the domains by harnessing a classic, cAMP-mediated, conformational switch. The structures suggest general features that enable the evolution of long-range communication between linked domains.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:11379655
- SPH Scholarly Articles