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dc.contributor.authorKelman, Herbert Chanoch
dc.date.accessioned2014-01-07T19:45:40Z
dc.date.issued2005
dc.identifier.citationKelman, Herbert Chanoch. 2005. “The policy context of torture: A social-psychological analysis.” International Review of the Red Cross 87 (857) (March 27): 123-134. doi:10.1017/S1816383100181214.en_US
dc.identifier.issn1816-3831en_US
dc.identifier.issn1607-5889en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:11482678
dc.description.abstractActs of torture are conceptualized as crimes of obedience, which are inevitably linked to crimes at higher levels of the hierarchy, where orders are issued, policy is formulated, and the atmosphere conducive to acts of torture is created. The present analysis suggests several conditions under which torture becomes an instrument of State policy and the authority structure of the State is fully utilized to implement that policy: the perception by State authorities that the security of the State is under severe threat — which, at the macro-level, can justify torture and, at the micro-level, contribute to its authorization; the existence of an elaborate and powerful apparatus charged with protecting the security of the State — which, at the macro-level, may lead to the recruitment and training of professional torturers as part of that apparatus and, at the micro-level, contribute to the routinization of torture; and the existence of disaffected ethnic, religious, political, or other groups within (or under the control) of the State that do not enjoy full citizenship rights — which, at the macro-level, may lead to their designation as enemies of the State and appropriate targets for torture and, at the micro-level, their dehumanization.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipPsychologyen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherCambridge University Pressen_US
dc.relation.isversionofdoi:10.1017/S1816383100181214en_US
dc.relation.hasversionhttp://www.icrc.org/eng/resources/documents/article/review/review-857-p123.htmen_US
dash.licenseLAA
dc.titleThe Policy Context of Torture: A Social-Psychological Analysisen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.description.versionVersion of Recorden_US
dc.relation.journalInternational Review of the Red Crossen_US
dash.depositing.authorKelman, Herbert Chanoch
dc.date.available2014-01-07T19:45:40Z
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/S1816383100181214*
dash.contributor.affiliatedKelman, Herbert


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