Fast Ionic Diffusion-Enabled Nanoflake Electrode by Spontaneous Electrochemical Pre-Intercalation for High-Performance Supercapacitor

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Fast Ionic Diffusion-Enabled Nanoflake Electrode by Spontaneous Electrochemical Pre-Intercalation for High-Performance Supercapacitor

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Title: Fast Ionic Diffusion-Enabled Nanoflake Electrode by Spontaneous Electrochemical Pre-Intercalation for High-Performance Supercapacitor
Author: Mai, Liqiang; Li, Han; Zhao, Yunlong; Xu, Lin; Xu, Xu; Luo, Yanzhu; Zhang, Zhengfei; Ke, Wang; Niu, Chaojiang; Zhang, Qingjie

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Citation: Mai, Liqiang, Han Li, Yunlong Zhao, Lin Xu, Xu Xu, Yanzhu Luo, Zhengfei Zhang, Wang Ke, Chaojiang Niu, and Qingjie Zhang. 2013. Fast ionic diffusion-enabled nanoflake electrode by spontaneous electrochemical pre-intercalation for high-performance supercapacitor. Scientific Reports 3:1718.
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Abstract: Layered intercalation compounds Na\(_{x}\)MnO\(_{2}\) (x = 0.7 and 0.91) nanoflakes have been prepared directly through wet electrochemical process with Na\(^{+}\) ions intercalated into MnO\(_{2}\) interlayers spontaneously. The as-prepared Na\(_{x}\)MnO\(_{2}\) nanoflake based supercapacitors exhibit faster ionic diffusion with enhanced redox peaks, tenfold-higher energy densities up to 110 Wh·kg\(^{-1}\) and higher capacitances over 1000 F·g\(^{-1}\) in aqueous sodium system compared with traditional MnO\(_{2}\) supercapacitors. Due to the free-standing electrode structure and suitable crystal structure, Na\(_{x}\)MnO\(_{2}\) nanoflake electrodes also maintain outstanding electrochemical stability with capacitance retention up to 99.9% after 1000 cycles. Besides, pre-intercalation effect is further studied to explain this enhanced electrochemical performance. This study indicates that the suitable pre-intercalation is effective to improve the diffusion of electrolyte cations and other electrochemical performance for layered oxides, and suggests that the as-obtained nanoflakes are promising materials to achieve the hybridization of both high energy and power density for advanced supercapacitors.
Published Version: doi:10.1038/srep01718
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3634106/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Open Access Policy Articles, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#OAP
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:11666563
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