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dc.contributor.authorAtkinson, Benjamin E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKrishnan, Supriyaen_US
dc.contributor.authorCox, Garyen_US
dc.contributor.authorHulgan, Todden_US
dc.contributor.authorCollier, Ann C.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-02-13T19:01:21Z
dc.date.issued2013en_US
dc.identifier.citationAtkinson, Benjamin E., Supriya Krishnan, Gary Cox, Todd Hulgan, and Ann C. Collier. 2013. “Anthropometric Differences between HIV-Infected Individuals Prior to Antiretroviral Treatment and the General Population from 1998–2007: The AIDS Clinical Trials Group Longitudinal Linked Randomized Trials (ALLRT) Cohort and NHANES.” PLoS ONE 8 (6): e65306. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0065306. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0065306.en
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203en
dc.identifier.urihttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:11708587
dc.description.abstractObjective: To assess differences in body circumferences and body mass index (BMI, kg/m2) between antiretroviral treatment (ART) naïve HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected persons. Methods: Waist, arm, and thigh circumferences and BMI were measured within the ALLRT and NHANES cohorts between 1998 and 2007. ALLRT is a prospective, longitudinal study of U.S. participants enrolled in randomized HIV treatment studies conducted by the AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG). NHANES is a representative group of the US population. The cohorts were analyzed in two time periods, to account for trends towards increased adiposity. Anthropometrics were displayed in percentiles by age and sex. Multiple linear regression models examined differences between cohorts. Results: ALLRT had more males (82% versus 48%, p<0.0001), more black participants (32% versus 23%, p<0.0001), and less Hispanics (21% versus 30%, p<0.0001) than NHANES. Mean BMI was smaller in ALLRT males and females compared to NHANES by 1.6–2.4 kg/m2 (p<0.0001). Mean waist and arm circumferences in both sexes and time periods were significantly smaller in ALLRT than in NHANES (p<0.0001). Mean thigh circumference in ALLRT was also smaller than NHANES among males (p<0.0001 in both time periods) and females (p = 0.01 in the early time period). Conclusions: Differences in anthropometrics existed prior to ART initiation, in this large national cohort of HIV-infected individuals, compared to a representative HIV-uninfected cohort, indicating that HIV and its complications have important effects on body shape. Further longitudinal examination of anthropometrics in this HIV-infected cohort may provide additional insight into disease risk. Trial Registration NCT00001137 at www.clinicaltrials.gov.en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherPublic Library of Scienceen
dc.relation.isversionofdoi:10.1371/journal.pone.0065306en
dc.relation.hasversionhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3670846/pdf/en
dash.licenseLAAen_US
dc.subjectMathematicsen
dc.subjectStatisticsen
dc.subjectBiostatisticsen
dc.subjectMedicineen
dc.subjectClinical Research Designen
dc.subjectClinical Trialsen
dc.subjectCohort Studiesen
dc.subjectLongitudinal Studiesen
dc.subjectInfectious Diseasesen
dc.subjectSexually Transmitted Diseasesen
dc.subjectAIDSen
dc.subjectViral Diseasesen
dc.subjectHIVen
dc.subjectHIV clinical manifestationsen
dc.subjectHIV diagnosis and managementen
dc.subjectHIV epidemiologyen
dc.subjectNutritionen
dc.subjectObesityen
dc.titleAnthropometric Differences between HIV-Infected Individuals Prior to Antiretroviral Treatment and the General Population from 1998–2007: The AIDS Clinical Trials Group Longitudinal Linked Randomized Trials (ALLRT) Cohort and NHANESen
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.description.versionVersion of Recorden
dc.relation.journalPLoS ONEen
dash.depositing.authorKrishnan, Supriyaen_US
dc.date.available2014-02-13T19:01:21Z
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0065306*
dash.contributor.affiliatedKrishnan, Supriya


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