DNA replication timing and higher-order nuclear organization determine single nucleotide substitution patterns in cancer genomes
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CitationLiu, Lin, Subhajyoti De, and Franziska Michor. 2013. “DNA replication timing and higher-order nuclear organization determine single nucleotide substitution patterns in cancer genomes.” Nature communications 4 (1): 1502. doi:10.1038/ncomms2502. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms2502.
AbstractSingle nucleotide substitutions (SNS) are a defining characteristic of cancer genomes. Many SNS in cancer genomes arise due to errors in DNA replication, which is spatio-temporally stratified. Here we propose that DNA replication patterns help shape the mutational landscapes of normal and cancer genomes. Using data on five fully sequenced cancer types and two personal genomes, we determined that the frequency of intergenic SNS is significantly higher in late DNA replication timing regions, even after controlling for a number of genomic features. Furthermore, some substitution signatures are more frequent in certain DNA replication timing zones. Finally, integrating data on higher-order nuclear organization, we found that genomic regions in close spatial proximity to late replicating domains display similar mutation spectra as the late replicating regions themselves. These data suggest that DNA replication timing together with higher-order genomic organization contribute to the patterns of SNS in normal and cancer genomes.
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