Brain basis of self: self-organization and lessons from dreaming
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CitationKahn, David. 2013. “Brain basis of self: self-organization and lessons from dreaming.” Frontiers in Psychology 4 (1): 408. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00408. http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00408.
AbstractThrough dreaming, a different facet of the self is created as a result of a self-organizing process in the brain. Self-organization in biological systems often happens as an answer to an environmental change for which the existing system cannot cope; self-organization creates a system that can cope in the newly changed environment. In dreaming, self-organization serves the function of organizing disparate memories into a dream since the dreamer herself is not able to control how individual memories become weaved into a dream. The self-organized dream provides, thereby, a wide repertoire of experiences; this expanded repertoire of experience results in an expansion of the self beyond that obtainable when awake. Since expression of the self is associated with activity in specific areas of the brain, the article also discusses the brain basis of the self by reviewing studies of brain injured patients, discussing brain imaging studies in normal brain functioning when focused, when daydreaming and when asleep and dreaming.
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