Genomic variation landscape of the human gut microbiome
Mende, Daniel R.
Kultima, Jens Roat
Weinstock, George M.
Bork, PeerNote: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.
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CitationSchloissnig, S., M. Arumugam, S. Sunagawa, M. Mitreva, J. Tap, A. Zhu, A. Waller, et al. 2012. “Genomic variation landscape of the human gut microbiome.” Nature 493 (7430): 45-50. doi:10.1038/nature11711. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature11711.
AbstractWhile large-scale efforts have rapidly advanced the understanding and practical impact of human genomic variation, the latter is largely unexplored in the human microbiome. We therefore developed a framework for metagenomic variation analysis and applied it to 252 fecal metagenomes of 207 individuals from Europe and North America. Using 7.4 billion reads aligned to 101 reference species, we detected 10.3 million single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), 107,991 short indels, and 1,051 structural variants. The average ratio of non-synonymous to synonymous polymorphism rates of 0.11 was more variable between gut microbial species than across human hosts. Subjects sampled at varying time intervals exhibited individuality and temporal stability of SNP variation patterns, despite considerable composition changes of their gut microbiota. This implies that individual-specific strains are not easily replaced and that an individual might have a unique metagenomic genotype, which may be exploitable for personalized diet or drug intake.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:11717672
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