Essays on Political Economy, Industrial Organization, and Public Economics
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CitationLevonyan, Vardges Levon. 2014. Essays on Political Economy, Industrial Organization, and Public Economics. Doctoral dissertation, Harvard University.
AbstractThe first chapter of this dissertation analyzes voting behavior across multiple elections. The voting literature has largely analyzed voter turnout and voter behavior separately, focusing on individual elections. I present a model of voter turnout and behavior in multiple elections. The assumptions are consistent with individual election preferences and decision is derived from utility maximization. Additionally, I provide necessary moment conditions for identification. The framework is applied to the 2008 California elections. The exit polls made national headlines by linking the historic turnout of African-Americans for Presidential candidate Obama in helping pass Proposition 8. The results show that the African-American turnout and voting share for Proposition 8 was lower than indicated by the exit polls. As a counterfactual, I look at the turnout and outcome of Proposition 8, without the presidential race on the ballot. As predicted, there is lower voter turnout: on par with midterm elections. I also find a lower share of Yes votes on Proposition 8 - enough that the referendum would not have passed.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:11744436
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