Defining markers and mechanisms of human somatic cell reprogramming

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Defining markers and mechanisms of human somatic cell reprogramming

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Title: Defining markers and mechanisms of human somatic cell reprogramming
Author: Ratanasirintrawoot, Sutheera
Citation: Ratanasirintrawoot, Sutheera. 2014. Defining markers and mechanisms of human somatic cell reprogramming. Doctoral dissertation, Harvard University.
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Abstract: Somatic cells can be reprogrammed into induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells by over expression of the transcription factors OCT4, SOX2, KLF4 and c-MYC. Using serial live cell immunofluorescence imaging of human fibroblasts undergoing reprogramming, we traced the emergence of nascent iPS cell colonies among heterogeneous cell populations and defined the kinetics of marker expression. We identified distinct colony types that morphologically resemble embryonic stem (ES) cells yet differ in molecular phenotype and differentiation potential. By analyzing expression of pluripotency markers, methylation at the OCT4 and NANOG promoters, and differentiation into teratomas, we determined that only one colony type represented bona fide iPS cells, whereas the others represented reprogramming intermediates. Proviral silencing and expression of TRA-1-60, DNMT3B, and REX1 distinguished the fully reprogrammed state, whereas Alkaline Phosphatase, SSEA-4, GDF3, hTERT and NANOG proved insufficient as markers. Reprogramming in chemically defined medium favored formation of bona fide iPS cell colonies relative to partially reprogrammed colonies. These data highlight the need for rigorous characterization and standardization of putative iPS cells.
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:11745701
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