Multispectral imaging with vertical silicon nanowires

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Multispectral imaging with vertical silicon nanowires

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Title: Multispectral imaging with vertical silicon nanowires
Author: Park, Hyunsung; Crozier, Kenneth B.

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Park, Hyunsung, and Kenneth B. Crozier. 2013. “Multispectral imaging with vertical silicon nanowires.” Scientific Reports 3 (1): 2460. doi:10.1038/srep02460.
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Abstract: Multispectral imaging is a powerful tool that extends the capabilities of the human eye. However, multispectral imaging systems generally are expensive and bulky, and multiple exposures are needed. Here, we report the demonstration of a compact multispectral imaging system that uses vertical silicon nanowires to realize a filter array. Multiple filter functions covering visible to near-infrared (NIR) wavelengths are simultaneously defined in a single lithography step using a single material (silicon). Nanowires are then etched and embedded into polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), thereby realizing a device with eight filter functions. By attaching it to a monochrome silicon image sensor, we successfully realize an all-silicon multispectral imaging system. We demonstrate visible and NIR imaging. We show that the latter is highly sensitive to vegetation and furthermore enables imaging through objects opaque to the eye.
Published Version: doi:10.1038/srep02460
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