Drosophila semaphorin2b is Required for the Axon Guidance of a Subset of Embryonic Neurons
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CitationEmerson, Mark M, Jennifer B Long, and David Van Vactor. 2013. “Drosophila semaphorin2b is Required for the Axon Guidance of a Subset of Embryonic Neurons.” Developmental Dynamics 242 (7): 861-873. doi:10.1002/dvdy.23979. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/dvdy.23979.
AbstractBackground: The process of axon guidance is important in establishing functional neural circuits. The differential expression of cell-autonomous axon guidance factors is crucial for allowing axons of different neurons to take unique trajectories in response to spatially and temporally restricted cell non-autonomous axon guidance factors. A key motivation in the field is to provide adequate explanations for axon behavior with respect to the differential expression of these factors. Results: We report the characterization of a predicted secreted semaphorin family member, semaphorin2b (Sema-2b) in Drosophila embryonic axon guidance. Misexpression of Sema-2b in neurons causes highly penetrant axon guidance phenotypes in specific longitudinal and motoneuron pathways; however, expression of Sema-2b in muscles traversed by these motoneurons has no effect on axon guidance. In Sema-2b loss-of-function embryos, specific motoneuron and interneuron axon pathways display guidance defects. Specific visualization of the neurons that normally express Sema-2b reveals that this neuronal cohort is strongly affected by Sema-2b loss-of-function alleles. Conclusions: While secreted semaphorins have been implicated as cell non-autonomous chemorepellants in a variety of contexts, here we report previously undescribed Sema-2b loss-of-function and misexpression phenotypes that are consistent with a cell-autonomous role for Sema-2b. Developmental Dynamics 242:861–873, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Key Findings Misexpression of the secreted semaphorin Sema-2b in neurons results in specific axon guidance phenotypes. Both Sema-2b loss-of-function and misexpression phenotypes are congruent with a cell-autonomous role for Sema-2b. Novel axon guidance phenotypes caused by Sema-2b loss-of-function mutations are characterized.
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