Nonsuicidal Self-Injury, Pain, and Self-Criticism: Does Changing Self-Worth Change Pain Endurance in People Who Engage in Self-Injury?

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Nonsuicidal Self-Injury, Pain, and Self-Criticism: Does Changing Self-Worth Change Pain Endurance in People Who Engage in Self-Injury?

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Title: Nonsuicidal Self-Injury, Pain, and Self-Criticism: Does Changing Self-Worth Change Pain Endurance in People Who Engage in Self-Injury?
Author: Hooley, Jill Miranda; St. Germain, Sarah Ann

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Hooley, J. M., and S. A. St. Germain. 2013. “Nonsuicidal Self-Injury, Pain, and Self-Criticism: Does Changing Self-Worth Change Pain Endurance in People Who Engage in Self-Injury?” Clinical Psychological Science (November 18). doi:10.1177/2167702613509372. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2167702613509372.
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Abstract: People who engage in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) endure physical pain for longer periods than do noninjuring individuals. Pain endurance is also predicted by the presence of highly self-critical beliefs. We tested the hypothesis that changing beliefs about the self would change pain endurance in NSSI individuals. NSSI (n = 50) and control (n = 84) participants were randomly assigned to hear positive music, to receive a brief cognitive intervention designed to improve feelings of personal self-worth, or to a neutral condition. Pain endurance was measured before and after the experimental manipulations. As predicted, there was a significant Group × Condition × Time interaction. After the cognitive intervention, NSSI participants showed a 69-s decrease in pain endurance compared with a 9-s decrease for control participants. For NSSI participants, improvement in self-worth was also significantly correlated with decreased willingness to endure pain. Cognitive approaches that focus on self-worth may provide a new treatment direction for NSSI.
Published Version: doi:10.1177/2167702613509372
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Open Access Policy Articles, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#OAP
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:11857781
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