The Free-Energy Landscape of Clusters of Attractive Hard Spheres
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CitationMeng, Guangnan, Natalie Arkus, Michael P. Brenner, and Vinothan N. Manoharan. 2010. The Free-Energy Landscape of Clusters of Attractive Hard Spheres. Science 327 (5965): 560–63. doi:10.1126/science.1181263
AbstractThe study of clusters has provided the most tangible link between local geometry and bulk condensed matter. But experiments have not yet systematically explored the thermodynamics of even the smallest clusters. Here we present experimental measurements of the structures and free energies of colloidal clusters in which the particles act as hard spheres with short-range attractions. We find that highly symmetric clusters are strongly suppressed by rotational entropy, while the most stable clusters have anharmonic vibrational modes or extra bonds. Many of these are subsets of close-packed lattices. As the number of particles increases from 6 to 10 we observe the emergence of a complex free energy landscape with a small number of ground states and many local minima.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:11859334
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