Feeling Small: Exploring the Tactile Perception Limits
Stafford, Christopher M.
Rutland, Mark W.
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CitationSkedung, Lisa, Martin Arvidsson, Jun Young Chung, Christopher M. Stafford, Birgitta Berglund, and Mark W. Rutland. 2013. “Feeling Small: Exploring the Tactile Perception Limits.” Scientific Reports 3 (1): 2617. doi:10.1038/srep02617. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep02617.
AbstractThe human finger is exquisitely sensitive in perceiving different materials, but the question remains as to what length scales are capable of being distinguished in active touch. We combine material science with psychophysics to manufacture and haptically explore a series of topographically patterned surfaces of controlled wavelength, but identical chemistry. Strain-induced surface wrinkling and subsequent templating produced 16 surfaces with wrinkle wavelengths ranging from 300 nm to 90 μm and amplitudes between 7 nm and 4.5 μm. Perceived similarities of these surfaces (and two blanks) were pairwise scaled by participants, and interdistances among all stimuli were determined by individual differences scaling (INDSCAL). The tactile space thus generated and its two perceptual dimensions were directly linked to surface physical properties – the finger friction coefficient and the wrinkle wavelength. Finally, the lowest amplitude of the wrinkles so distinguished was approximately 10 nm, demonstrating that human tactile discrimination extends to the nanoscale.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:11877033
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