Prion-like domain mutations in hnRNPs cause multisystem proteinopathy and ALS

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Prion-like domain mutations in hnRNPs cause multisystem proteinopathy and ALS

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Title: Prion-like domain mutations in hnRNPs cause multisystem proteinopathy and ALS
Author: Kim, Hong Joo; Kim, Nam Chul; Wang, Yong-Dong; Scarborough, Emily A.; Moore, Jennifer; Diaz, Zamia; MacLea, Kyle S.; Freibaum, Brian; Li, Songqing; Molliex, Amandine; Kanagaraj, Anderson P.; Carter, Robert; Boylan, Kevin B.; Wojtas, Aleksandra M.; Rademakers, Rosa; Pinkus, Jack L.; Greenberg, Steven A.; Trojanowski, John Q.; Traynor, Bryan J.; Smith, Bradley N.; Topp, Simon; Gkazi, Athina-Soragia; Miller, Jack; Shaw, Christopher E.; Kottlors, Michael; Kirschner, Janbernd; Pestronk, Alan; Li, Yun R.; Ford, Alice Flynn; Gitler, Aaron D.; Benatar, Michael; King, Oliver D.; Kimonis, Virginia E.; Ross, Eric D.; Weihl, Conrad C.; Shorter, James; Taylor, J. Paul

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Kim, H. J., N. C. Kim, Y. Wang, E. A. Scarborough, J. Moore, Z. Diaz, K. S. MacLea, et al. 2013. “Prion-like domain mutations in hnRNPs cause multisystem proteinopathy and ALS.” Nature 495 (7442): 467-473. doi:10.1038/nature11922.
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Abstract: Summary Algorithms designed to identify canonical yeast prions predict that ~250 human proteins, including several RNA-binding proteins associated with neurodegenerative disease, harbor a distinctive prion-like domain (PrLD) enriched in uncharged polar amino acids and glycine. PrLDs in RNA-binding proteins are essential for the assembly of ribonucleoprotein granules. However, the interplay between human PrLD function and disease is not understood. Here, we define pathogenic mutations in PrLDs of hnRNPA2/B1 and hnRNPA1 in families with inherited degeneration affecting muscle, brain, motor neuron and bone, and a case of familial ALS. Wild-type hnRNPA2 and hnRNPA1 display an intrinsic tendency to assemble into self-seeding fibrils, which is exacerbated by the disease mutations. Indeed, the pathogenic mutations strengthen a ‘steric zipper’ motif in the PrLD, which accelerates formation of self-seeding fibrils that cross-seed polymerization of wild-type hnRNP. Importantly, the disease mutations promote excess incorporation of hnRNPA2 and hnRNPA1 into stress granules and drive the formation of cytoplasmic inclusions in animal models that recapitulate the human pathology. Thus, dysregulated polymerization caused by a potent mutant ‘steric zipper’ motif in a PrLD can initiate degenerative disease. Related proteins with PrLDs must be considered candidates for initiating and perhaps propagating proteinopathies of muscle, brain, motor neuron and bone.
Published Version: doi:10.1038/nature11922
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