Sirt6 regulates TNFα secretion via hydrolysis of long chain fatty acyl lysine
Hang, Howard C.
Lin, HeningNote: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.
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CitationJiang, H., S. Khan, Y. Wang, G. Charron, B. He, C. Sebastian, J. Du, et al. 2013. “Sirt6 regulates TNFα secretion via hydrolysis of long chain fatty acyl lysine.” Nature 496 (7443): 110-113. doi:10.1038/nature12038. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature12038.
AbstractThe Sir2 family of enzymes or sirtuins are known as nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD)-dependent deacetylases1 and have been implicated in the regulation of transcription, genome stability, metabolism, and lifespan2, 3. However, four of the seven mammalian sirtuins have very weak deacetylase activity in vitro. Here we show that human Sirt6 efficiently removes long chain fatty acyl groups, such as myristoyl, from lysine residues. The crystal structure of Sirt6 reveals a large hydrophobic pocket that can accommodate long chain fatty acyl groups. We demonstrate further that Sirt6 promotes the secretion of tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) by removing the fatty acyl modification on K19 and K20 of TNFα. Protein lysine fatty acylation has been known to occur in mammalian cells, but the function and regulatory mechanisms of this modification were unknown. Our data suggest that protein lysine fatty acylation is a novel mechanism that regulates protein secretion. The discovery of Sirt6 as an enzyme that controls protein lysine fatty acylation provides new opportunities to investigate the physiological function of the previously ignored protein posttranslational modification.
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