A Bio-Inspired Swellable Microneedle Adhesive for Mechanical Interlocking with Tissue
Yang, Seung Yun
O'Cearbhaill, Eoin D.
Park, Kyeng Min
Cho, Woo Kyung
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CitationYang, Seung Yun, Eoin D. O'Cearbhaill, Geoffroy C. Sisk, Kyeng Min Park, Woo Kyung Cho, Martin Villiger, Brett E. Bouma, Bohdan Pomahac, and Jeffrey M. Karp. 2013. “A Bio-Inspired Swellable Microneedle Adhesive for Mechanical Interlocking with Tissue.” Nature communications 4 (1): 1702. doi:10.1038/ncomms2715. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms2715.
AbstractAchieving significant adhesion to soft tissues while minimizing tissue damage poses a considerable clinical challenge. Chemical-based adhesives require tissue-specific reactive chemistry, typically inducing a significant inflammatory response. Staples are fraught with limitations including high-localized tissue stress and increased risk of infection, and nerve and blood vessel damage. Here, inspired by the endoparasite Pomphorhynchus laevis which swells its proboscis to attach to its host’s intestinal wall, we have developed a biphasic microneedle array that mechanically interlocks with tissue through swellable microneedle tips, achieving ~ 3.5 fold increase in adhesion strength compared to staples in skin graft fixation, and removal force of ~ 4.5 N/cm2 from intestinal mucosal tissue. Comprising a poly(styrene)-block-poly(acrylic acid) swellable tip and non-swellable polystyrene core, conical microneedles penetrate tissue with minimal insertion force and depth, yet high adhesion strength in their swollen state. Uniquely, this design provides universal soft tissue adhesion with minimal damage, less traumatic removal, reduced risk of infection and delivery of bioactive therapeutics.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:11878920
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