The dorsomedial striatum encodes net expected return, critical for energizing performance vigor
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CitationWang, Alice Y., Keiji Miura, and Naoshige Uchida. 2013. “The dorsomedial striatum encodes net expected return, critical for energizing performance vigor.” Nature neuroscience 16 (5): 10.1038/nn.3377. doi:10.1038/nn.3377. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nn.3377.
AbstractDecision making requires an actor to not only steer behavior towards specific goals, but also determine the optimal vigor of performance. Current research and models have largely focused on the former problem of how actions are directed, while overlooking the latter problem of how they are energized. Here, we designed a self-paced decision-making paradigm that showed that rats' performance vigor globally fluctuates with the net value of their options, suggesting that they maintain long-term estimates of the value of their current state. Lesions of the dorsomedial (DMS), and to a lesser degree, in the ventral striatum (VS) impaired such state-dependent modulation of vigor, rendering vigor to depend more exclusively on the outcomes of immediately preceding trials. The lesions, however, spared choice biases. Neuronal recordings showed that the DMS is enriched with net-value-coding neurons. In sum, the DMS encodes one's net expected return, which drives the general motivation to perform.
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