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dc.contributor.authorRoach, Neil T.en_US
dc.contributor.authorVenkadesan, Madhusudhanen_US
dc.contributor.authorRainbow, Michael J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLieberman, Daniel E.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-11T10:15:21Z
dc.date.issued2013en_US
dc.identifier.citationRoach, Neil T., Madhusudhan Venkadesan, Michael J. Rainbow, and Daniel E. Lieberman. 2013. “Elastic energy storage in the shoulder and the evolution of high-speed throwing in Homo.” Nature 498 (7455): 483-486. doi:10.1038/nature12267. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature12267.en
dc.identifier.issn0028-0836en
dc.identifier.urihttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:11879202
dc.description.abstractAlthough some primates, including chimpanzees, throw objects occasionally1,2, only humans regularly throw projectiles with high speed and great accuracy. Darwin noted that humans’ unique throwing abilities, made possible when bipedalism emancipated the arms, enabled foragers to effectively hunt using projectiles3. However, there has been little consideration of the evolution of throwing in the years since Darwin made his observations, in part because of a lack of evidence on when, how, and why hominins evolved the ability to generate high-speed throws4-8. Here, we show using experimental studies of throwers that human throwing capabilities largely result from several derived anatomical features that enable elastic energy storage and release at the shoulder. These features first appear together approximately two million years ago in the species Homo erectus. Given archaeological evidence that suggests hunting activity intensified around this time9, we conclude that selection for throwing in order to hunt likely played an important role in the evolution of the human genus.en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.relation.isversionofdoi:10.1038/nature12267en
dc.relation.hasversionhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3785139/pdf/en
dash.licenseLAAen_US
dc.titleElastic energy storage in the shoulder and the evolution of high-speed throwing in Homoen
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.description.versionVersion of Recorden
dc.relation.journalNatureen
dash.depositing.authorRainbow, Michael J.en_US
dc.date.available2014-03-11T10:15:21Z
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/nature12267*
dash.contributor.affiliatedRainbow, Michael J.
dash.contributor.affiliatedLieberman, Daniel
dc.identifier.orcid0000-0002-6194-9127


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