Effects of Direct Renin Inhibition on Myocardial Fibrosis and Cardiac Fibroblast Function
MetadataShow full item record
CitationZhi, Hui, Ivan Luptak, Gaurav Alreja, Jianru Shi, Jian Guan, Nicole Metes-Kosik, and Jacob Joseph. 2013. “Effects of Direct Renin Inhibition on Myocardial Fibrosis and Cardiac Fibroblast Function.” PLoS ONE 8 (12): e81612. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0081612. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0081612.
AbstractMyocardial fibrosis, a major pathophysiologic substrate of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF), is modulated by multiple pathways including the renin-angiotensin system. Direct renin inhibition is a promising anti-fibrotic therapy since it attenuates the pro-fibrotic effects of renin in addition to that of other effectors of the renin-angiotensin cascade. Here we show that the oral renin inhibitor aliskiren has direct effects on collagen metabolism in cardiac fibroblasts and prevented myocardial collagen deposition in a non-hypertrophic mouse model of myocardial fibrosis. Adult mice were fed hyperhomocysteinemia-inducing diet to induce myocardial fibrosis and treated concomitantly with either vehicle or aliskiren for 12 weeks. Blood pressure and plasma angiotensin II levels were normal in control and hyperhomocysteinemic mice and reduced to levels lower than observed in the control group in the groups treated with aliskiren. Homocysteine-induced myocardial matrix gene expression and fibrosis were also prevented by aliskiren. In vitro studies using adult rat cardiac fibroblasts also showed that aliskiren attenuated the pro-fibrotic pattern of matrix gene and protein expression induced by D,L, homocysteine. Both in vivo and in vitro studies demonstrated that the Akt pathway was activated by homocysteine, and that treatment with aliskiren attenuated Akt activation. In conclusion, aliskiren as mono-therapy has potent and direct effects on myocardial matrix turnover and beneficial effects on diastolic function.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:11879351
- HMS Scholarly Articles